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Armenia Proposes Joint Investigations of Ceasefire Violations; Azerbaijan Unlikely to Accept

Armenian Azerbaijani border

Armenia has suggested joint investigations into alleged ceasefire violations on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border, just days after accusing Azerbaijan of planning military aggression against it.

Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan put forward the proposal on June 15, following accusations by the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry that Armenian forces had opened fire at its troops at various border sections. Armenia strongly denied these claims.

Pashinyan's office announced on Saturday that it had proposed to Baku, through diplomatic channels, the creation of a bilateral mechanism for investigating such claims. However, specific details of the proposed mechanism were not disclosed.

The European Union, represented by its special envoy for the South Caucasus, Toivo Klaar, welcomed the proposal. Klaar stated that the EU has experience organizing similar meetings in Georgia and is willing to share this experience with the two South Caucasus states.

As of Monday afternoon, Azerbaijan had not responded to the proposal. However, its Defense Ministry alleged another Armenian truce violation on Saturday, which Yerevan also denied.

Baku has previously rejected Armenian calls for a mutual troop withdrawal from their long and volatile border. Observers believe Azerbaijan is unlikely to accept the proposed joint inquiries and will instead maintain pressure on Yerevan in ongoing peace treaty talks.

Armenian Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan has complained that Baku is reluctant to recognize Armenia's borders in the treaty and insists on opening an extraterritorial corridor to Azerbaijan's Nakhijevan exclave through a key Armenian region.

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev has conditioned the peace treaty's signing on a change to Armenia's constitution. This demand was reiterated after Armenia ceded four Armenian villages to Baku in late April. Armenian opposition leaders argue that the land transfer will only lead to further Azerbaijani demands.

On June 19, the Armenian Foreign Ministry claimed that Azerbaijan may be planning a "new aggression" after hosting the COP29 summit in November, citing Baku's reaction to a recent French-Armenian arms deal signed in Paris.


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