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Archaeologists Discover Inscription of King Antiochus I of Armenian Yervanduni Dynasty in Turkey


Archaeologists Discover Inscription of King Antiochus I of Armenian Yervanduni Dynasty in Turkey
Ruins of the temple bulit by Antiochus I on Mount Nemrud

In an archaeological discovery, a 2,100-year-old inscription has been unearthed in Turkey, bringing new attention on the reign of King Antiochus I of the Armenian Yervanduni Dynasty. The inscription, bearing the message "Antiochus of Commagene calls on the people to ‘obey and respect the law,'" was recently reported by Arkeonews.


Discovered by inhabitants of a Turkish village in 2023, the ancient records promptly drew the attention of archaeologists from Oxford University and the University of Pisa after being reported to the Adiyaman Museum Directorate. Due to the challenging terrain, the artifacts were carefully airlifted to the ancient city of Perre using a military helicopter and ropes.


The inscription, attributed to King Antiochus I of Commagene, offers insights into his governance, particularly his emphasis on the importance of obedience to the law. Remarkably, the reverse side of the inscription features a relief depicting Antiochus I alongside Mithridates I, further enriching our understanding of this ancient era.


Antiochus I, who reigned from 69 to 34 BC, was a prominent figure in the Armenian Yervanduni Dynasty, boasting a heritage that blended Greek and Iranian influences. He claimed descent from King Darius I and played a significant role in shaping the history of the region during his rule.


The Kingdom of Commagene, over which Antiochus I presided, flourished from 163 BC to 72 AD before eventually becoming part of the Roman province of Syria. The tomb of Antiochus I, located atop Mount Nemrut, stands as a testament to his enduring legacy and significance in the annals of history.


Archaeologists are optimistic that the discovery of this inscription will provide valuable insights into both the history of humanity and the kingdom of Commagene. As scholars continue to analyze and interpret these ancient artifacts, we can anticipate a deeper understanding of this fascinating period in Armenian history.

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