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Armenians Celebrate First Republic Day

Armenians Celebrate First Republic Day

Every year on May 28, the Armenian people come together to celebrate the First Republic Day of Armenia, a day that marks a significant milestone in their history. This day commemorates the establishment of the Republic of Armenia in 1918, following a series of heroic battles that turned the tide against overwhelming odds.

The Struggle for Independence

Armenians Celebrate First Republic Day

In the spring of 1918, the Armenian regular armed forces and volunteers fought valiantly against Turkish troops in a series of crucial battles at Gharakilisa, Bash Aparan, and Sardarapat. These battles were not just military engagements but a fight for the very survival of the Armenian people. The victories achieved in these battles were nothing short of miraculous, halting the Turkish advance and thwarting their ambitions to conquer Armenia completely.

One of the key figures in these battles was Garegin Nzhdeh, a prominent Armenian military leader and nationalist. Nzhdeh played a crucial role in organizing and leading the defense efforts, particularly in the Battle of Gharakilisa, where his leadership and wisdom were instrumental in securing victory. His contributions to the Armenian cause have cemented his legacy as a national hero.

The triumph in these battles enabled the Armenian people to reclaim their independence, which they had lost nearly nine centuries prior. This moment of victory was a beacon of hope and resilience, showcasing the unbeatable spirit of the Armenian nation.

Proclamation of the Republic

Armenians Celebrate First Republic Day

Following the collapse of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic, the Armenian National Council declared the Republic of Armenia on May 28, 1918, in Tbilisi. This proclamation marked the rebirth of an independent Armenian state, a dream long cherished by its people.

On June 4, 1918, the Batumi Treaty was signed, formally establishing the Democratic Republic of Armenia on an area of 11,000 square kilometers. Despite its modest size, this nascent republic symbolized the return of Armenian sovereignty and the promise of a brighter future.

A Brief Period of Independence

Armenians Celebrate First Republic Day

The First Republic of Armenia, however, was short-lived. It existed until December 2, 1920, when the Bolshevik 11th Red Army entered the capital city of Yerevan. This incursion led to the republic becoming a Soviet state, thus ending its brief period of independence.

Revival of Independence in 1991

The dream of an independent Armenia did not fade away with the Soviet occupation. Decades later, in 1991, the Armenian SSR proclaimed its independence, signaling the rebirth of the Armenian state. In recognition of the historical significance of May 28, the Armenian parliament established it as a non-working day.

Celebrating First Republic Day

Since 1992, May 28 has been formally celebrated in Armenia as First Republic Day. This day is a time for Armenians to reflect on their history, honor the sacrifices of their ancestors, and celebrate the enduring spirit of their nation. The legacy of heroes like Garegin Nzhdeh continues to inspire and guide the Armenian people as they honor their past and build their future.

Armenians Celebrate First Republic Day


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